Our manufacturing operations
Efficient use of materials and energy has an important role in our corporate responsibility agenda and our everyday operations.
The most significant negative environmental impacts of our manufacturing operations are greenhouse gas emissions and production waste. We continuously look for ways to reduce the use of energy and improve the recycling ratio of production waste in our operations. Investments in improving our energy efficiency are an integral part of our annual capital expenditure.
|We continuously work to reduce the negative environmental impacts of our operations.||To continuously improve our resource efficiency.||Improve manufacturing waste recovery performance |
1) Material and energy recovery ratio > 90%
2) Material recycling ratio > 80%.
|1) 89% |
Close focus in energy efficiency helps us to minimize emissions to air
The best way to reduce emissions to air is to constantly focus on improving energy efficiency. Efficient use of energy and other resources results in lower emissions and costs, and supports our role as a sustainable partner for our customers. Our energy and emission efficiencies in relation to output have been on an improving trend during the past five years.
Most of the greenhouse gas emissions generated from our operations originate from purchased energy. We use both primary energy sources (fuel) and secondary energy (electricity and heat) in our operations. The indirect CO2 emissions are highly dependent on the mix of energy sources used in the operating countries’ national energy grids.
Water use in molded fiber manufacturing
Compared to many other manufacturing industries, our operations use a fairly limited amount of water during the manufacturing process. However, water is considered as a material aspect in our corporate responsibility agenda.
Most of our fresh water intake is surface water. The most water intensive business in the Group is rough molded fiber packaging manufacturing; however, the water is efficiently circulated in the process.
When molded fiber operations are located in water sensitive areas, such as Australia, we pay special attention to efficient water use. Hence the process water consumption in relation to output has decreased in Australia since 2011.
Improving our manufacturing waste performance
The main waste streams in our processes are cutting waste from paperboard packaging manufacturing as well as by-products from the molded fiber pulping process and plastic packaging manufacturing.
Cutting waste is either recycled within the Group as raw material for molded fiber packaging or sent for external recycling. The unprinted plastic packaging by-products are returned into the process in the manufacturing units, while the printed plastic packaging by-products are sent for external recovery. The waste recovery rate has steadily improved since 2003.
Offering suitable materials for different end-uses
The majority of raw materials used in our packaging manufacturing are renewable. The share of renewable materials 66 % in 2016. The majority of renewable materials were wood fiber based materials, either virgin fibers or recycled paper. The main recycled raw material used in the Group was post-consumer recycled paper.
The majority of our manufacturing units with virgin fiber as the main raw material have PEFC Chain of Custody certification, which guarantees our customers traceable fiber-based packaging that originates from sustainably managed forests.
Our main raw materials:
Virgin paper board is used to manufacture disposable tableware such as hot and cold drink cups, plates, food containers and ice cream packaging.
Post-consumer recycled paper is used to manufacture molded fiber packaging such as egg and fruit packaging and foodservice cup carriers.
Post-industrial recycled paper, such as cutting waste form our paper cup manufacturing, is used to manufacture molded fiber disposable tableware such as Chinet® plates.
Polymers, such as PS, PET, rPET and PLA, are used to manufacture transparent cups, tumblers and containers as well as lids and cutlery. Other polymers, such as PE, PET and PP, are main materials in multi-layer flexible packaging.